Have you noticed how certain cannabis strains have their own specific scent that you can sense from across the room once you open the baggy?
What you’re smelling when you open up a bag of your favourite stain are aromatic produced by the cannabis plant, more commonly known as terpenes.
In today’s article we’ll try to dissolve a common confusion about terpenes and whether they can really boost your experience and answer some of the most common questions that many people have about these compounds.
What Are Terpenes?
As we mentioned before, terpenes are aromatic compounds that are produced by the cannabis plant which give each strain its unique smell and taste. They are found in the oils of the plant.
There are more than 100 known terpenes that are produced by the cannabis plant.
Terpenes are hair like and are located in the glands on the cannabis plant, known as trichomes. If handled delicately and properly, the trichomes remain intact and you end up with an excellent product with a strong and distinct smell, flavour and colour.
What Are Terpenes Used For?
As we begin to discover more and more benefits that are associated with terpenes, the cannabis industry turns its focus towards research into the medical effects of these compounds, and laboratories are beginning to look for terpene content along with THC and CBD content in the strains they test.
Here are some of the most commonly found types of terpenes along with their benefits:
- Myrcene makes up the majority of aromatic oils in numerous different strains. It has analgesic, anti-inflammatory and calming effects and can be used to help you sleep better and treat numerous sleep disorders.
- Limonene is also a very common terpene found in the cannabis plant. It also has anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties, and according to recent research it’s believed to have anti-carcinogenic effects as well. Limonene can improve your sexual health, boost your focus and attention and is among the perfect products to consume to stay productive.
- Linalool has been proven to be effective in the treatment of anxieties and can also have anti-epileptic and analgesic properties.
- Pinene gets its name from its pine-like scent. It also has anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties and can have positive effects on our memory.
How Do They Affect Your High?
A 2011 study conducted by Ethan B Russo on the potential synergy between THC and terpenes, found that terpenes can work together with other cannabinoids to help them pass faster and easier through the bloodstream and work together to boost your high or sometimes even calm down the dominant effects of the strain. This is known as the entourage effect, which basically describes how each component reacts and affects each other.
Since there are different types of terpenes, they can also have different effects on different strains. They can add to or amplify the high in their unique ways, or can counterbalance each other and lower the effects of the strain. This is why producers are more and more interested in finding out which terpenes work well together with which strains in order to create super-strains and get the most out of the experience and the positive benefits of the particular strain.